Home > rigs > Beginners rigs – Where to start if you are beginning carp fishing

Beginners rigs – Where to start if you are beginning carp fishing

February 24th, 2010 Leave a comment Go to comments

Please note, this article was originally created as a PDF, I have posted it here as convenience and to make it more web friendly

All of us at one stage started somewhere in our carp fishing lives, and I think that it is sometimes easy to forget that there are beginners coming to the sport all of the time. Recently we have seen many people starting Carp fishing who have not had an apprenticeship from catching skimmers as a child under a father’s watchful eye to later, migrating to carp or another specimen species.

This leads beginners to  wonder “ where do I start ?” and often they start by pouring through the magazines for the latest wizz bang rig that uses £8 of swivels and tubing and then they end up blanking. They blank not through lack of enthusiasm but because they didn’t have the confidence to realize that simple is most likely better. Some of the rigs you see in the magazines have been designed for really specialized applications that 99% of us will never see. The cynic in me also suspects that they are to sell magazines and tackle :).

Carp fishing is all about confidence, confidence in your bait, tackle and rigs, in this article I want to cover some really basic rigs that I wish that I had known when I started carping some 24 years ago ( though with a 10 year break). A lot of what you will see here might have been covered by other anglers but I want to boil the rigs down to the very essence of what they need to be. Once you have gotten experience with these rigs feel free to move onto other more complicated rigs as if you have the basics right then you can’t go too far wrong.

The rigs / methods I will be covering will catch you carp from almost any water from weedy to weedless, from close range to distance. They are:

  1. Basic mono rig
  2. Hybrid rig
  3. Basic running ledger rig ( plus lead core version)
  4. Bolt rig  ( plus with lead core )
  5. Inline lead ( also on lead core)

I know that this is not an exhaustive list but if you are starting carp fishing and want to know where to start this is a good place.

Components

The picture below shows some standard components that I would expect all carp anglers to have in some form or another, manufacturers might vary but the components are the same.

The items are:

  1. Selection of leads, ranging from inline to flat pear, to tri pear to a grippa lead
  2. Lead clips, always get them from a reputable manufacturer rather than shop own brands.
  3. Ring swivels
  4. Swivel
  5. Running lead clip
  6. Tear drop link
  7. Beads
  8. Rubber tubing
  9. Lead clip
  10. Tension tool, knot picker
  11. Lead core splicing needle
  12. Latch gate baiting needle
  13. Leadcore
  14. Hybrid braid
  15. Standard 10lbs monofilament line
  16. Selection of hooks in various sizes

Basic Mono Rig

This rig is the 1st rig I would start with, there are no fancy components needed and once mastered you can also swap to fluro carbon or any other hook link materials. At is heart is the knotless knot which since its development has revolutionized carp fishing almost as much as the hair rig. Almost every rig you see today uses this knot in some form. Firstly start by identifying the size of bait that you will be using on the rig. Size of boat affects both hook size and hair length. In the picture below you can see a selection of boillies a 20mm, a 15mm and on the far right a 10mm. It is easy to see that if you swap bait size you will also need to swap hook size and hence rig.

Next take a length of monofilament and form a small loop knot in the end like so

This does not need to be a figure of 8 knot as it will not be load bearing and so a simple granny knot will do. Pull this knot tight with you tension bar or equivalent. Trim the tag end and put a boillie on with a baiting needle. It is important that this boillie is the same size as you would be using with the finished rig.

Next take your chosen hook, in this case a size 4 Fox SSBP which perfectly matches a 20mm bottom bait and due to the slightly in turned eye gives a lovely almost “bent hook” effect to the rig. Position the hook at the correct location on the mono allowing for your chosen distance between the bottom of the hook bend and the bait. I like to set this distance to be about 5mm which I feel allows the bait to move effectively whilst avoiding the tangles that can occur with longer hairs.

Trapping the mono to form the correct length of hair start to whip the mono up the shank of the hook from the eye. There  has been a lot of discussion about how many turns to whip but I personally think that as long as you go for more than 7 you are fine.

Once you have whipped the desired number of turns (in this case 10 turns), take the line and thread it back through the eye of the hook from the top so that the line emerges from the bottom nearest the point. Congratulations you have now tied a knotless knot ! The method is exactly the same no matter what material you are tying it with be it, mono, fluorocarbon or some type of braid.

Next tie a swivel on to the other end of the hook link. I use a 5 turn trilene knot which is very similar to a blood knot but you pass the line through the eye twice. So to start the knot, thread the line through twice and keep the loop open. I find that if I stick my thumb through the loop it works the best.

Take the tag end and pass it round the main link 5 times and then pass it through the loop formed by passing the line twice through the swivel eye, moisten and pull tight.

You have now just formed the most basic hair rig possible and it is a guaranteed carp catcher. Keeping with the simplicity theme the easiest and some would say best way of attaching the lead is in a “Running lead” setup. To do this simply thread the lead onto the mainline, then a bead then tie on the rig you just made. It should look like this :

This running ledger rig with the exception of the knotless knot has been used for almost hundreds of years in one guide or another and can not be beaten if you are fishing close range or you are stalking. If you are just starting carp fishing (or any other kind of specimen fishing such as tench or bream) this is the rig I would recommend you stick to at the beginning. It is simple and affective and allows you to concentrate on more important things such as watercraft and bait placement.

Hybrid Link

The running monofilament rig is simple but it has one issue, it can tangle quite easily and the stiff mono can make the bait behave unnaturally in the water which may or may not be what you are after. Once you have more confidence in your rigs and rig making ability I would recommend you can use one of the coated braids should you want to eliminate potential tangles as well as have a softer hook link.

For this example I am going to use Fox cortex in 15lbs breaking strain. It is a good representation of the kinds of modern coated braids that are around today.

Start by cutting off a piece about 40 Cm long and stripping off the coating for about 10 cm from one end. In the above picture you can see the coating partially stripped from the braid.

Continue stripping until you have a 10 cm section at one end that is free from coating.

The thing I love about to the Fox coated braids is that you can strip it with your fingers, no need for a stripper tool and the risks of damaging the braid here. It also helps to have a thumb nail that resembles a claw

Next repeat the steps I showed you in the monofilament rig with a small hair loop, thread on a boillie, set the hair length and finally tie a knotless knot. The tension bar is pointing to the end of the stripped back section. Notice also that as I have chosen to use a 15mm boillie I have swapped hook size to a size 8 Fox SSC. As the braid is more supple than the monofilament I prefer the SSC as it is more curved. This I feel offers a far better hooking angle than a straight hook. Next to finish the other end of the rig.

I like to finish coated braid hook links with either a tear drop link (item number 6 in the components picture) or use a figure of 8 loop. For simplicity here we will use a figure of 8 loop. Start by making a loop and passing it back on its self as if you were going to tie an over hand loop ( AKA “Granny knot”)

Then before passing the end of the loop through the loop you just formed twist the new loop round 1 turn as in the picture above.

Finally pass the loop through the twisted loop and you will see that the line now forms a number 8. If it doesn’t start again, the knot strength of a figure of 8 loop is far greater than a granny knot or over hand loop.

Moisten the knot and pull tight, then trim the tag end. Congratulate yourself as you can now tie 2 of the rigs that I guarantee have taken most of the carp swimming today, no matter what the magazines tell you.

Free Running Ledger Rigs

This rig was shown at the end of the mono hook link rig and I want to expand upon it here to show what can be done to solve the tangle issue by adding Lead core. Everything I am about to show can be done with tubing should your lake have a lead core ban. As all of the ones I fish don’t I will continue to use it as I prefer lead core to tubing just for simplicities sake.

I will not cover lead core splicing here as there are several other articles on the subject and if you don’t feel confident you can buy lead core leaders ready made. In order to fish the rig with a free running lead simply attach your rig to the ring swivel with a loop to loop knot ( see later) thread on a bead and then your running lead clip ( item number 5 in the components). Attach the lead core to your main line (see later) and you are done. The rig is simple, effective, doesn’t tangle and is 100% carp safe. If you snap the line the lead will simply fall off.

Fishing with Lead clips (Bolt rigs)

There has been much controversy surrounding bolt or fixed leads. They have been heavily demonized which is unfair as a modern lead clip will eject the lead every time. I would strongly suggest only buying big name branded clips, some of the “shops own brand” clips have been in my experience slightly less effective.

As we will fish this one with lead core, we start by taking the lead clip and threading it on to the lead core. This can be tricky and a little tip is to thread a piece of stiff mono through the clip, then through the loop in the lead core, and then back through the clip. You can then slide the clip straight down the loop of line and on to the lead core.

Once you have pulled the clip down onto the swivel it is critical that the little peg that is provided is placed into the recess in the main lead clip body.

Once this has been done it will look like this

The next job is to thread the tail rubber for the lead clip onto the lead core, this can be done with a closed latch baiting needle or using the piece of mono I mentioned earlier.

Next put a lead on to the clip and after moistening the ridged back section of the clip, put the tail rubber on. It is important to only put it on half way as the clip might not eject as easily otherwise. It is also critical to check the tail rubber after each fish and each carp, it will work loose and if you don’t check it (as I have failed to do several times) the lead will either eject on the cast or eject as it hits the water. One of these scenarios is embarrassing and one could be dangerous if a flying lead were to hit someone. I have never had a “flying lead incident” happen or heard it happen but it is good to be careful. Put your hook link on and you are read to go.

If you want to tie this with tubing instead of lead core, simply thread the tubing onto your line, then the tail rubber and finally the lead clip. Tie on the ring swivel, pull the lead clip over the back of the ring swivel and place in the peg. Put on the lead, pull the tail rubber on and push the tubing into the back of the tail rubber.

Lead Core with Inline leads

Inline leads are perhaps the ultimate in an anti tangle setup and fly very well if you need distance. They are available in kinds of shapes and sizes to suit the lake / river bottom and the marketing departments of major tackle developers (only joking). See the initial components picture for a small selection of the patterns available.

First we need to start by removing the central rubber tube from the center of the lead. This can be tricky but a pair of forceps can be useful especially of the lead is brand new.

Next using the mono trick above, thread the center rubber onto the lead core and pull it down to the swivel.

Next thread the lead down the lead core and pull it over the center rubber. Attach your rig to the ring on the swivel on the lead core and you are ready. If you want to fish this with tubing simply thread the tubing on you mainline, thread the lead and center rubber as normal. Tie the mainline to the swivel and pull the tubing into the back of the center rubber.

Attaching lead core to main line.

There are many ways of attaching lead core to mainline however I prefer a simple loop to loop knot. It is easy to tie and can be tied in the dark in a force 8 gale with the rain pouring in your face.

To attach the lead core, tie a figure of 8 loop (see above) in your main line. Push this loop through the loop in the end of your lead core and then drop the rig, lead and lead core through the loop. As long as all of the components threaded on the lead core can pass over the figure of 8 on the mainline you are fine.

Conclusions

Just like bollie flavours some rigs are designed to catch the angler rather than the carp. By keeping to simple rigs that you have full confidence in you will increase your catch rate and you will enjoy your fishing more. You want to buy fewer quantities of end tackle but better quality, trust me quality counts then it comes to hooks, swivels etc.

Get out there and have fun and catch some carp

Did you like this article ? if so tell me about it, post a comment or use the contact me form at the top

Be Sociable, Share!
  1. Oddsocks
    June 22nd, 2011 at 23:03 | #1

    Hi

    I’m just beginning to fish and found this article very usual, many thanks for posting it.

  2. July 11th, 2011 at 19:21 | #2

    hi
    many thanks for posting this item,its very informative easy to follow.again many thanks.

  3. Commando1
    July 27th, 2011 at 22:38 | #3

    Trawled and trawled the net for an “idiots guide” and so far this has been the most usefull, thank you. fingers crossed for some tight lines.

  4. brian eveson
    August 18th, 2011 at 16:00 | #4

    just coming back after along break found this article very useful thank you

  5. Steve
    October 24th, 2011 at 14:22 | #5

    Thanks for this – I’ve found the books, magazines and dvd’s assume a lot of knowledge which for the beginner, isn’t there!!
    This was perfect – well done.

  6. November 14th, 2011 at 18:15 | #6

    Great advice to someone starting to get serious again now i have retired.

  7. December 11th, 2011 at 15:40 | #7

    Great article for beginners with good details. Thanks to the writer for this point to point assemble of the rig. Surely will help lots of newbies. Thanks for sharing.

  8. Leon Roode
    January 14th, 2012 at 19:13 | #8

    Brilliant article. very well laid out and explained. thank you very much just given me a huge confidence boost.

  9. January 26th, 2012 at 20:21 | #9

    thank you Leon, if there are articles you would like to see let me know

  10. Kranor
    February 1st, 2012 at 19:08 | #10

    Any Chance you could post the original PDF as well? its a very usefull guide and I would like to put it on my tablet PC that I take fishing with me.

  11. Matt
    March 6th, 2012 at 21:36 | #11

    Hi mate very useful article i would like to download a copy so i can have it for future reference is it possible to send it to me

  12. March 30th, 2012 at 07:12 | #12

    Many thanks for this, because if you’ve never done carp fishing before,where do you start?at the beginning and this is spot on.

  13. April 10th, 2012 at 19:59 | #13

    Hi matt, if you have windows 7, you can print it to the XPS printer or install Xfree PDF. If you have issues let me know and I will pdf it for you

  14. nigel
    June 10th, 2012 at 16:15 | #14

    many thanks for this,my son has started carp fishing and this has helped so much

  15. Rob
    June 29th, 2012 at 12:31 | #15

    I am a novice carp angler and found this article very helpful. Has given me a lot of confidence regards safe end rigs that are simple, safe and effective.

  16. Johnny Slaughter
    August 4th, 2012 at 18:06 | #16

    send me more carp fish advise

  17. Pj kent
    August 26th, 2012 at 07:32 | #17

    i have just decided to sell all my seafishing gear to take up carp fishing with my 13 year old son,he has been badgering me for about a year now to take it up…what a fantastic article this is.many thanks,keep up the good work…;o)

  18. Rod Allen
    October 4th, 2012 at 16:07 | #18

    Sixty+ and learnt lots from this. Well done

  19. Keith Moors
    February 24th, 2013 at 10:20 | #19

    The article starts well enough but it is shocking that you should show potential beginners to tie leadcore to the end of their hook links. In the event of a snap off [casting or while playing a fish] the carp is left with at least a length of leadcore to tow around. The weight of the leadcore is likely to make it drag through roots and snags and can lead to the fish being tethered. I have my own lake and have already found it necessary to kill one of our carp because of the damage caused from towing leadcore around. Before anyone tries to tell me it was an unsafe rig let me explain that the lead had been ejected as per the clip design so it was just the leadcore the killed the carp. It is a totally unnecessary and dangerous item of tackle.

  20. February 24th, 2013 at 19:47 | #20

    Hi Keith

    I do agree that leadcore if used improperly can be dangerous hence this post. I believe that leadcore ( where it is allowed) is a very useful tool in the arsenal. For places where it is banned please see the other article where I talk about how to use tubing instead of leadcore.

    Keith the issue is ( as I said in the forum when you 1st aired your anti leadcore stance) that if you feel so strongly about it instead of posting on blogs like this why don’t you go to the manufacturers and demand that they stop making this product – if it is indeed so dangerous and “shocking”. If you are so shocked, why have fox, Korda, Atomic etc not received your thoughts as they are the companies that are making these products…

    Until then I will try to do my part to educate new anglers as to how to use this valuable tool safely. Fishing is a not a risk free sport, indeed, as responsible anglers we should do all that we can to remove needless risk. However I do not personally believe that leadcore, if used properly, is all that much more dangerous than barbed hooks, leadclips or shelf life boillies.

    Quentyn

  21. Crackoff
    February 26th, 2013 at 22:42 | #21

    Great article Quentyn.
    Keith, mainline is far more likely to cause issues of snagging due to its inherant flexability, allowing it to wrap and catch at snags etc far easier that a stiff leadcore. Whilst I agree that leadcore once snagged is a completely unforgiving material, the trend of using 15lb mainline offers the carp very little in the way of a safer option when snagged… A better option, and far safer on any water where novices are likely to fish on a regular occasion, is to remove the snags. Firstly this takes away the oportunity for fish to get tethered, but just as importantly, it stops people casting itno them, causing them to pull for breaks, and leaving baited hooks already teathered in the snag awaiting Mr Carp to come along and kill itself. As a fishery owner, the emphasis is on yourself to decide which way to go on the matter, whether you remove the issue, by removing the snags, or try by banning leadcore, only to find the issue is still there… I do feel there should be snags in waters, it gives a carp somewhere it can feel safe, away from anglers, but if you allow anglers to fish next to or close to those snags, you will always have the potential for tethered carp.
    Perhaps an alternative could be using sensible rigs rather than 20lb hooklinks? If everything above the hook length is 15lb or over, how about 8lb hooklink? This creates a weak link before any of the mainline, snag leaders, leadcores etc…

  22. February 26th, 2013 at 23:05 | #22

    Hi Crackoff I fully agree, there is one point that you make that is particularly poignant. Why is it that it is virtually impossible to get braided hook links in breaking strains lower than 10lb. Seems strange that we use 15lb mainline and 20lb+ hook links. If what is going to break 1st ? yes the mainline and not the hook link.

    Q

  1. April 29th, 2010 at 21:59 | #1
  2. August 18th, 2010 at 23:25 | #2